Lunana Village in Gasa
Lunana Gewog lies in the extreme northwest of the country with a total area of 1716.26 sq KM and is located at an altitude of 3400m above sea level. It has a population of over 810 according to the population and census record 2014 with 185 households, the Gewog consists of five chiwogs and thirteen villages in total. It is bordered by the Gewogs of Laya in the west, Goen Shari Punakha in the southwest, Sephu Gewog in the southwest, and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the extreme north.
It experiences climate conditions ranging from temperate to alpine with extremely cold winters, and short pleasant summers. During winters, Lunana experience heavy snowfall which keeps them snowbound as the mountain passes become inaccessible to the neighboring Gewogs and Dzongkhags, It receives an average annual rainfall of 2000mm. The people of Lunana generally speak Dzongkha with a distinctive accent and their local dialect.
Gewog also experiences severe climatic conditions with long winters, which does not allow the diversification of agriculture production. However, dry land croppings like wheat, buckwheat, and horticulture production (potato, radish, turnip, etc…). Is carried out on a small scale. People of these Gewog entirely depend on cordyceps (yartsagunbup) and livestock productions, which are bartered with neighboring Gewogs and Dzongkhags. Some of the people spend their winters in the lower altitude valleys of Wangdue Phodrang and Punakha.
About half part of the Gewog falls under the Jigme Dorji National Park and the other part falls under the Ugyen wangchuk National Park habitat for different species of birds and animals like the takin, musk deer, blue sheep, snow leopard, red pandas, raven, wild pheasants, snow pigeons, red billed cough, Himalayan black bear, tiger, black-necked crane, etc.